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What is Magnesium Nitride

What is Magnesium-Nitride?

Magnesium nitride, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Mg3N2. It's particulate matter that is part of the cube crystal system. At temperatures of room temperature, the pure magnesium nutride is a color of yellow and green with parts of impurities of magnesium oxide is grayish white.

The Molar mass of magnesium nitride is 100.95g/mol. The density of the mineral is 2.712g/cm3. Magnesium nitride is completely dissolved in water and acid, but is dissolvable in ether and ethanol.

The melting point of magnesium nitride reaches 1500 degrees. Magnesium nitrideis one of the metal nitrides reacts with water to produce ammonia. Commonly used as a catalyst. React with acid , or aqueous nonmetallic oxides to create ammonium salts and magnesium salts.

Magnesium Nitride is a ceramic substance in nature. Magnesium-nitride has superior corrosion resistance, which greatly increases productivity. Magnesium is also a great material for thermal conductivity, aswell having a high resistance to corrosion and temperature resistance. Magnesium is also of great importance because it is used as a catalyst used in the formation of boron.

What is Magnesium Nitride Used For?

1. Utilized as a catalyst in order to prepare the nitride of other elements with high hardness as well as high thermal conductivity. wear resistance, corrosion resistance and high temperature resistance. The first successful formula for cubic boron this catalyst is magnesium nitride.

2. This is a high strength steel for smelting. Magnesium nitride (Mg3N2) replaces desulphurized magnesium in construction melting, which helps in increasing the density, strength of the steel, as well as the tension and bearing force of steel. In addition, the process of magnesium nitride (Mg3N2) desulfurization, can lessen the amount of components, thereby helping reduce the production cost of construction steel;

3. It is used to prepare special ceramic materials;

4. For the manufacturing of a specific alloy foaming agent

5. Special glass for manufacturing;

6. For crosslinking catalytically produced polymers

7. To recycle radioactive waste

How Do You Produce Magnesium Nitride?

Presently, the major preparation methods of magnesium nitride comprises direct reaction method of magnesium powder with nitrogen, the reaction method of the nitrogen with magnesium in nitrogen plasma flow, magnesium coil explosion method in nitrogen atmosphere Low pressure chemical gas in conjunction with the product method, self-propagating high temperature synthesis method, nano magnesium nitride synthesis method and more.

Recently, G. Soto et al. have prepared amorphous magnesium nutride films with different Mg/N ratios on Si substrates in a molecular nitrogen environment by pulse laser deposition. These methods are limited in their production in the industrial sector due to the cost of production, lengthy process and complex operation of equipment or a lower yield of magnesium nitride.

Although the direct reaction of magnesium powder and nitrogen has industrial benefits, the process from magnesium nitride needs higher temperature for the reaction and a long reaction times, and the form of the particles isn't perfect as well as easy to agglomerate which isn't able to meet requirements for industrial quality. N3 can be broken into Nwith broken bonds quicker than N2 and decomposed H2 may prevent the formation MgO, which is why ammonia gas can be used as a nitrogen source. Chen Faqin et al. used ammonia liquid as a nitrogen source to prepare magnesium nitride using direct Nitriding of magnesium powder. The following conclusions can be drawn: Based on thermodynamic study, liquid ammonia might react with magnesium powder faster than nitrogen for the production of magnesium nitride. Premium magnesium nitride with good purity and uniform particles is made by heating it to 600 and ammonia pressure for 1 h, then heated up to 800°C, with an ammonia flow rate is 500ml/min. the nitriding period of 1 hour.

Magnesium Nitride Powder Mg3N2

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