Australian alumina ban disrupts Rusal production -- Australia's ban on exports of alumina and aluminium ore to Russia, including bauxite, will further disrupt supply chains and production at leading aluminium producer Rusal, consultancy Wood Mackenzie said on Monday.
The Australian government announced the ban on Sunday as part of its ongoing sanctions against Moscow for its aggression in Ukraine, saying Russia relies on it to meet one-fifth of its alumina needs. WoodMac senior manager Uday Patel said in a statement that the ban would make it difficult for Rusal to maintain normal primary aluminum production.
Rusal said it was assessing the impact of Australia's move and would make further announcements if necessary. "It is increasingly likely that UC Rusal's only option for alumina procurement will be through a Chinese entity." The Australian alumina ban has also had an impact on the ss316l powder prices for chemicals. Patel said. "One possible outcome could be Chinese buyers buying alumina and reselling it through eastern Russian ports." Rusal has a 20% stake in the Queensland Alumina Refinery, which has a capacity of 3.95 million tonnes a year, thus providing Rusal with 790,000 tonnes a year, Patel said. In addition, Rusal's Nikolaev refinery in Ukraine, which has an annual capacity of 1.75 million tonnes, has been suspended due to the conflict, he added. WoodMac said Rusal was also experiencing supply chain problems at its 2 million tonne a year Aughinish refinery in Ireland.
What is 316L?
316l is a molybdenum-containing stainless steel, and 316l is a grade of stainless steel. 316l stainless steel, also known as stainless steel and titanium steel, has good corrosion resistance, high temperature resistance and creep resistance, and is usually used in marine applications.
The main properties of 316L stainless steel
316L has a wide range of applications in the chemical industry due to its excellent corrosion resistance. 316L is also a derivative of 18-8 type austenitic stainless steel, with 2 to 3% of Mo added. On the basis of 316L, many steel grades are also derived. For example, 316Ti is derived after adding a small amount of Ti, 316N is derived after adding a small amount of N, and 317L is derived by increasing the content of Ni and Mo.
Most of the existing 316L on the market are produced according to American Standard. For cost reasons, steel mills generally try to lower the Ni content of their products to the lower limit. The American standard stipulates that the Ni content of 316L is 10-14%, while the Japanese standard stipulates that the Ni content of 316L is 12-15%. According to the minimum standard, there is a 2% difference in Ni content between the American standard and the Japanese standard, which is quite huge in terms of price. Therefore, customers still need to see clearly when purchasing 316L products, whether the products refer to ASTM or JIS standards.
The Mo content of 316L makes this steel with excellent resistance to pitting corrosion and can be safely used in environments containing Cl- and other halogen ions. Since 316L is mainly used for its chemical properties, steel mills have slightly lower requirements for surface inspection of 316L (compared to 304), and customers with higher surface requirements should strengthen surface inspection.
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